Organización Sicológica y Espiritual de Ayuda Social - Violence-Agression
Organización Sicológica y Espiritual de Ayuda Social - "Yo les traeré sanidad y medicina; y los curaré" Jeremías 33:6a

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Violence-Agression

By: Lic. Luisette López, MC, BSHE, 
© Copyrigth, Marzo 2012

Did you know that according to the US statistics every 5 minutes a woman is being battered and every 15 minutes a man is battered? The most recent worldly statistics of the Panamerican Health Organization (2011), reveals that violence is one of the main causes of death in all the world for the population of 15 to 44 years of age. Where the CDC recently reviewed that violence has a significant economic impact that costs society around $47 billion a year in medical expenses and job loss. (CDC, 2012)
 
The aggressive conduct, inside the phenomenon of violence is catalogued as a public health problem in all the world that doesn’t discriminates race, socio-economic status, political or religious ideology, age, and cultures, according to the WHO (2011). Although the most elevated rates occurs in minorities, poor or alcohol or substance dependent persons, this occurs also in all socio-economic levels and low sobriety (Tremblay, 2004). The potential for violence is constructed in the family in the following factors: socialization, intimacy, privacy, inequality, social and cultural support (Gelles &Levine, 2000). This same author defends in his 1997 study, that according to three decades of research that demonstrated that any family or intimate relationship has a potential for violence.
 
Violence charges each year the life of more than 1.6 million people, that equivalents to 4,000 deaths daily (OMS, 2011). Suicide and interpersonal violence represents more than 80% of all deaths related to violent acts. Of the total of deaths by violent causes, half of them self-inflicted, more than 35% are provoked by other people and more than 100% are the direct result of war or other form of collective violence (OMS, 2011). The interpersonal and self-inflicted violence hog a considerable proportion of the worldly rates of mortality between men from 15 to 44 years. It is estimated that for every young person that dies as a victim of violence, between 20 and 40 suffer traumatisms that require hospital attention. In those under 25, the relation intents of effective suicide/suicides can get to be 100:1 or 200:1 (OMS, 2011)
 
In Puerto Rico, the rate of homicides/deaths for 2008, in data offered by the PR Police is of 20.35 for 100,000 habitants. This data shows mayor incidences in comparison to countries like Canada and Asia (Ortiz, 2011). 11,450 women under 20 informed the Puerto Rico Police having been victims in domestic violence incidents between the ages of 1990 and 1996 (Ley 54, Puerto Rico, 1989). It is estimated that only 10% of the abuses gets denounced (Diario Familia Mujeres. 2000). 2010 was the second year with most homicides in the history of Puerto Rico, with 983 cases. The most violent of all was 1994 with 995 (Ortiz, 2011).
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The violence and the aggression exerted by physical, sexual force, verbal or physiological expression, manipulation, coercion or intimidation transgresses and threatens against the liberty of the persons to live in a peaceful community. Such violation threaten against human rights that advocate for: life, dignity, education, health, freedom of expression, freedom of religion, the opportunities for development and personal responsibility to oneself and the community.
 
But the important thing to bring out is that violence isn’t an issue exclusive of Puerto Rico, but it is an issue at a international level. Its multidimensionality has hindered its compression and study, because it can not be attributed responsibility exclusive to one person, system, thing or biological, social or political entity.
 
Its our responsibility to do something about it. And maybe the answer is not in realizing big initiatives of radical changes, with really high expectations, worldwide or unreal. Maybe by only reaching one person, I could make the difference. As I would defend my good friend, photographer, and writer José Efraín Rodriguez Agosto (2011), reaching only one person may be the response. As Ananias did with Paul, the Apostol; as Philip did with the Ethiopian, or the young Israelite did with Naaman. One person, one sole person that was really important to me. Maybe our children, our partner, our parents, our best friend, our neighbor, our co-worker or a family member. The stress will be lowered… How difficult would to be to reach one person? Find the most near to you. Do you feel incapable or without the skill to do so? Maybe then… you have just found out that the person that you need to reach is yourself. You are that person that needs the legacy of equilibrium and peace… seek it, appreciate it, mold it, and practice it… and when you feel ready find without stopping someone with whom you can share… that legacy… a legacy of PEACE.
 
References:
Tremblay, R.E., Nagin, D.S., Seguin, J.R., Zoccolillo, M., Zelazo, P.D., Boivin, M., Perusse, D., Japel, C. (2004) Physical aggression during early childhood: Trajectories and predictors.Pediatrics, 114(1): e43-50
Gelles, R. & Levine, A. (2000) Sociología: Con aplicaciones en países de habla hispana.McGraw-Hill, Sexta Edición, pp. 420- 454. México
CDC (2012) Learn About the Costs of Violent Deaths. Available in:http://www.cdc.gov/Features/dsWISQARScost/
OMS (2011). 10 Datos sobre la prevención de la violencia. Artículo de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Septiembre 2009. Disponible en linea:http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/violence/es/
Ortiz, Z. (Enero 31, 2011). Sangriento enero en Puerto Rico: Más de 100 asesinatos. AOL Latino Noticias, Disponible en línea:http://noticias.aollatino.com/2011/01/31/puerto-rico-asesinatos/

Lexjuris (2011) Ley 54, Puerto Rico, 1989
The resources exposed here have been featured as a public service and voluntary with the purpose to guide the community that lives in the Island and the interested person to the centers or services to those that have need. OSEAS is not affiliated to any of the following institutions and doesn’t receive any type of economic remuneration from them. If you have an organization in the Island that offer services for the reduction of violence, aggression, or promotion of the peace that warrants be featured, please communicate to l.lopez@oseaspr.com to add it.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LEYES EN PUERTO RICO CONTRA LA VIOLENCIA
(OFICINA DE LA PROCURADORA DE LAS MUJERES, 2012. Disponible en: www2.pr.gov/agencias/mujer/LeyesProtocolos )
LEYES
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CODIGO PENAL DE PUERTO RICO (2004)
Código Penal 2004.pdf (PDF — 230 KB)
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SERVICIOS A VICTIMAS DE CRIMEN
INFO
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CENTROS
HOGAR ESCUELA SOR MARIA RAFAELA INC
APARTADO 3024, BAYAMON, pr, 00960 
787-785-9517 
Expertise in : Child Physical Abuse, Child Sexual Abuse 
Services: Assistance in Filing Compensation Claims, Crisis Counseling, Follow-up Contact, Information And Referral , Shelter/Safe House, Telephone Contacts , Therapy 

CENTRO DE CONSEJERIA EL SENDERO DE LA CRUZ
CENTRO DE CONSEJERIA EL SENDEROP O BOX 361444, SAN JUAN 
787-764-4600 
Expertise in : Domestic Violence 
Services: Assistance in Filing Compensation Claims, Crisis Counseling, Follow-up Contact, Information And Referral , Telephone Contacts , Therapy 

MUNICIPIO DE CAROLINA 
REFERIMIENTO Y AYUDA A LA MUJER,
 CAROLINA, pr, 00986 
787-757-2626 
Expertise in : Domestic Violence 
Services: Assistance in Filing Compensation Claims, Crisis Counseling, Crisis Hotline Counseling, Emergency Legal Advocacy, Information And Referral , Telephone Contacts , Therapy 

EJERCITO DE SALVACION PUERTA ABIERTAS
GPO BOX 71523, FORT BUCHANAN 
787-273-6000 
Expertise in : Assault, Robbery 
Services: Assistance in Filing Compensation Claims, Crisis Counseling, Emergency Financial Assistance, Follow-up Contact, Information And Referral , Telephone Contacts , Therapy 

HOGAR FORJADORES DE ESPERANZA INC
BAYAMON GARDEN STATIONPO BOX 4181, BAYAMON 
787-730-0200 
Agency Type: Shelter 
Expertise in : Child Physical Abuse, Child Sexual Abuse 
Services: Assistance in Filing Compensation Claims, Crisis Counseling, Information And Referral , Shelter/Safe House, Telephone Contacts , Therapy
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TELEPHONE LINES 
Direct national line to prevent domestic violence
A direct line that can proportion to those who call intervention during a crisis, information about domestic violence, and references to local programs, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
  • 1-800-799-7233
  • TTY: 1-800-787-3224
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Safe Horizon
Organization located in New York City created to provide support, prevent violence, and promote justice for the victims of crime and abuse, their families, and the communities of the New York area.
  • Direct line for victims of domestic violence: 1-800-621-4673
  • Direct line for victims of crime: 1-212-577-7777
  • Direct line for the victims of rape, sexual assault and incest: 1-212-227-3000
  • Direct line for support for the victims of September 11th: 1-866-689-4357
  • TTY for all the direct lines: 1-800-810-7444
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Directory of Services to Women of Puerto Rico
GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS
CENTRO DE AYUDA A VÍCTIMAS DE VIOLACIÓN (CAVV)
Phone: 765-2285 / San Juan (787) 765-2412, Caguas (787) 745-0808, Arecibo (787) 817-3054, Mayagüez (787) 832-5053 Ext.121, Ponce (787) 844-0101 Ext. 307
Emergency Metro: (787) 765-2285 (on working hours from Monday to Friday from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM, and al (787) 474-2028 (outside of working hours, 7 days a week)
Medical, protocol, and psychotherapy services to minors
 
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS, RECURSOS Y SERVICIOS A LA
MUJER (CERES)
Universidad de Puerto Rico 
Phone: 764-0000 Exts. 4247 / 4285 / 4286 / 2923 
Research centers, publications about gender, health, and work
 
CENTRO DE MEDIACION DE CONFLICTOS
Hato Rey 
Phone: 763-4813 
Conflict between neighbors, money, food pension, couples, alteration of peace and breaches of contracts
 
COMITÉ ASUNTOS DE LA MUJER 
UPR - Colegio Universitario Humacao 
Phone: 850-9316 
Research center
 
COMISIÓN PARA LOS ASUNTOS DE LA MUJER
Oficina del Gobernador, Viejo San Juan 
Phone: 722-2907 / 722-2837 
Line free of charge: 1-800-462-7155 
General services and orientation to women
 
GRUPO PEDIATRICO INVESTIGATIVO CLINICO (Grupodec)
Centro Médico, Río Piedras 
Phone 274-0584 
Counseling and medical services to pregnant women
 
OFICINA PARA EL DESARROLLO INTEGRAL DE LA MUJER
Municipio de San Juan, Río Piedras 
Phone: 758-5400 Emergency line: 758-4380 
General services and orientation to women
 
OFICINA LEGAL DE LA COMUNIDAD
Centro Judicial Hato Rey (Piso 9) 
Phone: 751-1600 / 764-0524
 
PUERTO RICO RAPE CRISIS CENTER 
Phone: 787-756-0910
 
PROGRAMA DE ADIESTRAMIENTO Y EMPLEO
Hato Rey, Municipio de San Juan 
Phone: 258-8850 
Training and occupational counseling
 
PROGRAMA DE VIOLENCIA DOMÉSTICA
Centro Judicial de Hato Rey (Piso 9) 
Phone: 764-0524 / 751-1600 
Legal services
 
PROGRAMA DE ASISTENCIA ECONÓMICA
Departament of Social Development San Juan Municipality 
Phone: 754-8963
 
PROGRAMA DE ASISTENCIA NUTRICIONAL (P.A.N.)
Administration of Socioeconomic Development 
Departamento de la Familia, Santurce 
Phone: 721-6653 
Economic Services
 
PROGRAMA DE SUBSIDIO DE ENERGÍA
Administration of Socioeconomic Family Development 
Santurce 
Phone: 725-1732
 
PROGRAMA DE SALUD MENTAL
External clinic for adults ASSMCA 
San Patricio, Guaynabo 
Phone: 793-1553 
Psychologicla and psyquiatric services
 
PUERTO RICO HOUSING
Hato Rey 
Phone: 764-8805 
Housing with federal subsidising or grant
 
REFERIMIENTO Y AYUDA A LA MUJER ABUSADA Y MALTRATADA (RAMA)
Carolina Municipality
Phone: 757-2626 Ext. 681 / 413 
Services of sustain a woman, direct lide 24 hours, provide physical security, medical, legal, psychological, and family
 
UNIDAD ANTIDISCRIMEN
Hato Rey 
Phone: 754-5353 / 754-5293 
Conferences, claim investigations, and federal and state seminars.
 
VIVIENDA MUNICIPAL
San Juan Municipality
722-8088 Ext. 428 / 429 
Location of housing services
 
 
NON GOVERMENT ORGANIZATIONS
CENTRO CLINICO DE TERAPIA BREVE
Rio Piedras
Phone 787-721-7314
Support for minors, families, individuals, and couples. 
Clinical Social Workers, Therapeutic hypnosis, legal expertise, Psychological services, Profesional, Spiritual, and Vocational Counseling Services
CENTRO DE APOYO A LA MUJERES EN EL MINISTERIO
Rio Piedras
Talks, workshops and conferences about: Domestic violence and Religious violence.
Marie Rivera Sevilla - Director and Coordinator.  Phone: (787)763-6700 x251
CENTRO DE LA MUJER DOMINICANA
Santurce
Help female immigrants in Puerto Rico, especially in situations of domestic violence or sexual aggression. 
Phone: (787) 772-9251/  Email:centrodelamujerdominicana@gmail.com
CENTRO MIRNA
Guaynabo
Support to pregnant women and those that suffer from the Post-abortions Syndrome of all ages.
P.O. BOX 916, Guaynabo, PR 00970-0916,
Tel: 787-619-3965, 787-447-0826 e-mail: centromirna@yahoo.com
C.E.D.E.M.
Dorado
Help the woman and all of her family to desire to grow and progress in their human relations, in their self-esteem, self image as human beings with dignity and better their quality of life.
(787) 796-1291
CLINICA DE LA UNIVERSIDAD INTERAMERICANA METRO
San Juan
Psychological services
787) 250-1912 ext. 2586, 2587, 2455
CLINICA DE LA UNIVERSIDAD CARLOS ALBIZU
San Juan
Ambulatory services of evaluation, psicotherapy, and counseling
(787) 725-6500 ext. 1107/1117 / (787) 724-2222/-2272
CASA PENSAMIENTO DE LA MUJER DEL CENTRO
Aibonito 
Phone: 735-3200 / 735-6698 
Support to victims of domestic violence
CASA PROTEGIDA JULIA DE BURGOS
Teléfonos: 723-3500 / 723-2814 
Shelter for female victims of domestic violence and their children.
CAUCUS DE MUJERES
Phone: 759-8471 / 750-0616 
Educational activities around domestic violence, sexual education, and communal organizacion.
CASA DE LA BONDAD
Humacao 
Phone: 852-2087 / 252-7265 
Shelter
CASA DE TODOS
Juncos 
Phone: 734-3132 
Shelter
CENTRO MUJER Y NUEVA FAMILIA
Barranquitas 
Phone: 857-4685 
Family support and psycho-social services
HOGAR SANTA MARIA EUFRASIA
Arecibo
Support for pregnant adolescents from all over the country.
P.O. Box 1909 Arecibo, Puerto Rico 00613
Phone: 787-878-5166 / 787-817-9311
COLECTIVO IDEOLOGIA Y VIVENCIA DE LOS GÉNEROS
Río Piedras 
Phone: 751-8486 
Reeducation and retraining group for men who abuse their female partner
COMUNIDAD DE MUJERES AGRUPADAS PARA EL DIÁLOGO Y LA REFLEXIÓN ECUMÉNICA
Phone: 728-1515 Extension: 2345 
Liturgy, dialogue, reflection of Christian women
COORDINADORA PAZ PARA LA MUJER
Apartado 193008, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00919-3008
Phone: 787.281.7579
.http://www.pazparalamujer.org/index-flash.html
CORPORACIÓN PARA EL DESARROLLO DE LA MUJER 
(CODEM)

Phone: 790-8181 
Development strategies, training proyects for the female heads of household 
ENFRÉNTATE A LA VIDA MUJER
Guaynabo 
Phone:790-7572 
Shelter
ESTUDIO DE TRANSMISION PERINATAL
UPR - Recinto de Ciencias Médicas, Río Piedras 
Phone: 753-5913 / 765-9652 
Medical services, referrals, counseling for women with HIV/AIDS
GRUPO IDENTIDAD DE LA MUJER PUERTORRIQUEÑA NEGRA
San Juan 
Phone: 752-4554 
Discrimination, human rights for the black women
HOGAR CLARA LAIR
Hormigueros 
Phone: 849-3075 
Shelter
HOGAR RUTH, INC.
Vega Baja 
Phone: 792-6596 / 883-1884 
Shelter for victims of domestic violence
HOGAR NUEVA MUJER SANTA MARÍA DE LA MERCED
Cayey 
Phone: 263-6473 
Albergue
INICIATIVA COMUNITARIA EN ACCION
Hato Rey 
Phone: 250-8629 
Orientation, education programs, and primary health services.
INSTITUTO DEL HOGAR
Calle Los Mirtos 163 Urb. Hyde Park, Río Piedras 
Phone: 765-1486 / 753-3987 
Psycho-social and psycho-educational support for women and children.
OFICINA PARA EL DESARROLLO INTEGRAL DE LA MUJER
Orientation for Victims of domestic violence hotline:mstheme
787-724-1596
24 hours a day, 7 days a week
ORGANIZACIÓN DE MUJERES ESTUDIANTES DE DERECHO
(OMED)

Universidad Interamericana 
Phone: 751-1912 
Gender discrimination in school and in legal practice
ORGANIZACIÓN PUERTORRIQUEÑA DE LA MUJER
TRABAJADORA (OPMT)

Hato Rey 
Phone: 766-2685 
Workshops, publications, sexual harrasment, occupational health, support groups for victims of domestic violence, education, lobbying in the Legislature.
PROYECTO DE AYUDA A SOBREVIVIENTES DE VIOLENCIA SEXUAL Y DOMÉSTICA ORIENTADO A LA SALUD (PASOS) DE LAS MUJERES
Provides specialized services of abulatory medical-forensics evaluation (more than 7 days after the event), screening for health and psicosocial needs, follow-up on emergency evaluations, advise, case descussions, trainings, among others,
Address: Centro Mujer y Salud, Recinto de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Puerto Rico.   P.O. Box 365067, San Juan, PR 00936-5067 
Phone: 787-758-2525 x 2814. / Para citas: 787-758-2525 x 2813 ó 787-764-3707 / Facsímil: 787-753-0090
SERVICIOS LEGALES DE PUERTO RICO, INC.
Phone: 728-1580 / 728-2088
RAINN
Free special telephone line for the victims of sexual assault: 1-800-656-4673/  San Juan, 787-723-3500 - Carolina, 787-791-1034 - Cayey, 787-263-6473 - Humacao, 787-852-7265 - Juncos, 787-734-5511 /  Vega Alta, 787-883-1884
UNIDAD DE INVESTIGACIONES CLINICAS (Proyecto ACTU)
UPR - Recinto de Ciencias Médicas, Río Piedras 
Phone: 767-9192 / 767-9193 / 767-9194 / 767-9195 
New alternatives for treatment for women with HIV/AIDS, and psicosocial services. 
YWCA (Asociación Cristiana Femenina de Puerto Rico)
Offers programs of pregnancy prevention in adolescents, HIV/AIDS forums, workshops for the development of micro businesses and summer camps for kids from 6 to 13 years of age  
Address:  Apartado 10111, Santurce, PR 00908, Ave. Ponce de León 905
Santurce, PR 00907
Phone y Fax: (787) 724-1037

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